Service POJOS

Service POJOs allow you to define POJOs as JBoss services. The way you define them is very similar to how you define stateless or stateful session beans. One very important difference is that there will only ever be ONE instance of the service bean. i.e. it is not pooled - the bean instance is a singleton. The singleton bean contains shared state, so data set by one client is accessible by other clients.

Example simple ServicePOJO

Take a look at It has been annotated with @Service, this defines it as a singleton service in JBoss. It implements ServiceOneRemote and ServiceOneLocal just as you would do for a normal stateful/stateless bean.

ServiceOne also implements has been annotated with @Management. JBoss will inspect this interface, and create and install an MBean implementing the attributes and operations defined in the @Management interface. The MBean will work on the same singleton bean instance as the remote and local interfaces.

The default ObjectName used for a service bean is

   jboss.j2ee:jar=<jar file>,service=EJB3,name=<Name of @Service bean>,type=<interface>
So in our case it will be


Just as for "normal" MBeans in JBoss, we support lifecycle management. Lifecycle management consists of two things:

Lifecycle methods contains the four methods
   void create() throws Exception;
   void start() throws Exception;
   void stop();
   void destroy();

You do not need to create all these methods, you can pick and choose. If present the service container will call these methods as follows:

Depends and custom JMX object name

The previous paragraph mentioned the notion of dependencies of services, so let's take a look at how to define the dependencies between services. Open Again it has been annotated with @Service, and it implements the @Management annotated interface

   @Service (objectName="tutorial:service=serviceTwo")
   @Depends ("jboss.j2ee:jar=tutorial.jar,service=EJB3,name=ServiceOne,type=service,type=ManagementInterface")
   public class ServiceTwo implements ServiceTwoManagement

The @Depends annotation specifies that this service depends on the service created for ServiceOne. i.e. it cannot be started until the service created for ServiceOne has been started. The definition of the @Depends annotation type is:

   public @interface Depends
      String[] value();

In other words, you could specify an array of object names if you depended on more than one service.

Rather than installing a service under its default object name, you can specify a custom name in the @Service annotation. ServiceTwo will get bound under tutorial:service=serviceTwo instead of the default which would have been jboss.j2ee:jar=tutorial.jar,service=EJB3,name=ServiceTwo,type=ManagementInterface.

Depends injection

Take a look at It has dependencies on other MBeans, but rather than annotating the class with @Depends, the dependencies are specified on fields and setter methods.
   @Depends ("jboss.j2ee:jar=tutorial.jar,name=ServiceOne,service=EJB3,type=ManagementInterface")
   public ObjectName serviceOneName;
   @Depends ("tutorial:service=serviceTwo")
   public void setServiceTwo(ServiceTwoManagement service2)
      this.service2 = service2;
With regard to the lifecycle dependencies, the effect of annotating fields and setters with @Depends is the same as if we annotated the class. So, ServiceThree cannot be started untill ServiceOne (jboss.j2ee:jar=tutorial.jar,name=ServiceOne,service=EJB3,type=ManagementInterface) and ServiceTwo(tutorial:service=serviceTwo) are started. Annotating the fields and setters with depends though, allows you to inject the dependencies.

The object name of ServiceOne gets injected into the serviceOneName field. More interesting is the injection of ServiceTwo. setServiceTwo() takes a parameter, which is the ServiceTwoManagement management interface of ServiceTwo. The server creates a dynamic proxy for the ServiceTwoManagement interface, and injects that. This means that you can call the methods on the service2 field without caring that you are actually invoking methods on another service.


You can define interceptors for your service beans in the same way as shown in EJB3 Interceptors. This example defines one in the ServiceThree bean class itself.
   public Object intercept(InvocationContext ctx) throws Exception
      System.out.println("ServiceThree - Interceptor");
      return ctx.proceed();


To build and run the example, make sure you have ejb3.deployer installed in JBoss 4.0.x and have JBoss running. See the reference manual on how to install EJB 3.0.

Unix:    $ export JBOSS_HOME=<where your jboss 4.0 distribution is>
Windows: $ set JBOSS_HOME=<where your jboss 4.0 distribution is>
$ ant

In the JBoss console you should see output similar to this when the .jar archive is deployed

16:52:30,326 INFO  [Ejb3Module] found EJB3 service bean: org.jboss.tutorial.service.bean.ServiceOne
16:52:30,387 INFO  [Ejb3Module] found EJB3 service bean: org.jboss.tutorial.service.bean.ServiceThree
16:52:30,397 INFO  [Ejb3Module] found EJB3 service bean: org.jboss.tutorial.service.bean.ServiceTwo
16:52:30,427 INFO  [ProxyDeployer] no declared remote bindings
16:52:30,437 INFO  [ProxyDeployer] there is remote interfaces
16:52:30,437 INFO  [ProxyDeployer] default remote binding has jndiName of org.jboss.tutorial.service.bean.ServiceOneRemote
16:52:35,113 INFO  [STDOUT] ServiceOne - Creating
16:52:35,113 INFO  [STDOUT] ServiceOne - Starting
16:52:35,244 INFO  [ProxyDeployer] no declared remote bindings
16:52:35,945 INFO  [STDOUT] ServiceTwo - Starting
16:52:35,965 INFO  [ProxyDeployer] no declared remote bindings
16:52:36,585 INFO  [STDOUT] ServiceThree - Starting
16:52:36,585 INFO  [EJB3Deployer] Deployed: file:/C:/cygwin/home/Kab/cvs/jboss-head/build/output/jboss-5.0.0alpha/server/all/deploy/tutorial.jar

ServiceOne starts before ServiceTwo which starts before ServiceThree, due to the dependencies we set up earlier.

Then to run the example

$ ant run
Buildfile: build.xml

     [java] attribute value for singleton obtained via JMX is what we set via remote i/f: 100
     [java] Hello from service One
     [java] Hello from service Two

The JBoss console should show the following output

17:05:07,796 INFO  [STDOUT] ServiceThree - Interceptor
17:05:07,796 INFO  [STDOUT] ServiceThree - Calling ServiceOne.sayHello() via JMX server
17:05:07,806 INFO  [STDOUT] ServiceThree - Interceptor
17:05:07,806 INFO  [STDOUT] ServiceThree - Calling ServiceTwo.sayHello() via MBean proxy
Notice that the calls to the ServiceThree methods get intercepted.