Hibernate.orgCommunity Documentation


Working with both Object-Oriented software and Relational Databases can be cumbersome and time consuming. Development costs are significantly higher due to a paradigm mismatch between how data is represented in objects versus relational databases. Hibernate is an Object/Relational Mapping solution for Java environments. The term Object/Relational Mapping refers to the technique of mapping data from an object model representation to a relational data model representation (and visa versa). See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Object-relational_mapping for a good high-level discussion.


While having a strong background in SQL is not required to use Hibernate, having a basic understanding of the concepts can greatly help you understand Hibernate more fully and quickly. Probably the single best background is an understanding of data modeling principles. You might want to consider these resources as a good starting point:

Hibernate not only takes care of the mapping from Java classes to database tables (and from Java data types to SQL data types), but also provides data query and retrieval facilities. It can significantly reduce development time otherwise spent with manual data handling in SQL and JDBC. Hibernate’s design goal is to relieve the developer from 95% of common data persistence-related programming tasks by eliminating the need for manual, hand-crafted data processing using SQL and JDBC. However, unlike many other persistence solutions, Hibernate does not hide the power of SQL from you and guarantees that your investment in relational technology and knowledge is as valid as always.

Hibernate may not be the best solution for data-centric applications that only use stored-procedures to implement the business logic in the database, it is most useful with object-oriented domain models and business logic in the Java-based middle-tier. However, Hibernate can certainly help you to remove or encapsulate vendor-specific SQL code and will help with the common task of result set translation from a tabular representation to a graph of objects.

Por favor siga os seguintes passos, caso você seja inexperiente com o Hibernate, Mapeamento Objeto/Relacional ou mesmo Java:

  1. Read Capítulo 1, Tutorial for a tutorial with step-by-step instructions. The source code for the tutorial is included in the distribution in the doc/reference/tutorial/ directory.

  2. Read Capítulo 2, Arquitetura to understand the environments where Hibernate can be used.

  3. Verifique no diretório eg/ em sua distribuição de Hibernate, do qual possui uma simples aplicação autônoma. Copie seu driver JDBC para o diretório lib/ e edite eg/hibernate.properties, especificando valores corretos para o seu banco de dados. No diretório de distribuição sob o comando aviso, digite ant eg (usando Ant), ou sob Windows, digite build eg.

  4. Use this reference documentation as your primary source of information. Consider reading [JPwH] if you need more help with application design, or if you prefer a step-by-step tutorial. Also visit http://caveatemptor.hibernate.org and download the example application from [JPwH].

  5. As respostas das perguntas mais freqüentes podem ser encontradas no website Hibernate.

  6. A terceira parte de demonstração, exemplos e tutoriais estão vinculadas no website Hibernate.

  7. A Área de Comunidade no website Hibernate é um bom recurso para parceiros de design e várias soluções integradas. ( Tomcat, JBoss AS, Struts, EJB, etc. )

There are a number of ways to become involved in the Hibernate community, including