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Managed Domain

In managed domain deployments are associated with a server group (See "Core Management Concepts"). Deployments will be provided to any server that belongs to a particular group. The domain and host controller components manage the distribution of binaries across network boundaries.

Deployment Commands

The process of distributing deployment binaries involves two steps: You need to upload the deployment to the repository from which the domain controller can distribute its contents. In a second step you need to assign the deployment to one or more server groups:

Using the CLI you can do it one sweep:

After you've uploaded the binary using the "deploy" command, it will be available to the domain controller
and assigned to a server group:

In a similar way it can be removed from the server group:

Managing deployments through the web interface provides an alternate, sometimes more simple approach.

Content Repository

Any deployment is referenced from the domain configuration file and stored co-located with the domain controller:

(See domain/configuration/domain.xml)

The actual binaries are stored in the content subdirectory:

Standalone Server

Deployment on a standalone server works similar to the managed domain, just that the server-group associations don't exist.

Deployment Commands

You can rely on the same CLI command as for a managed domain to deploy an application:

File System Deployments

The standalone/deployments directory in the JBoss Application Server 7 distribution is the location end users can place their deployment content (e.g. war, ear, jar, sar files) to have it automically deployed into the server runtime.

Users, particularly those running production systems, are encouraged to use the JBoss AS 7 management APIs to upload and deploy deployment content instead of relying on the deployment scanner subsystem that periodically scans this directory.
Deployment Modes

The filesystem deployment scanner in JBoss AS 7 and later works differently from previous JBoss AS releases. The scanner can operate in one of two different modes, depending on whether it will directly monitor the deployment content in order to decide to deploy (or redeploy) it.

Auto-deploy mode:

The scanner will directly monitor the deployment content, automatically deploying new content and redeploying content whose timestamp has changed. This is similiar to the behavior of previous AS releases, although there are differences:

  • A change in any file in an exploded deployment triggers redeploy. Because EE 6 applications do not require deployment descriptors,
    there is no attempt to monitor deployment descriptors and only redeploy when a deployment descriptor changes.
  • The scanner will place marker files in this directory as an indication of the status of its attempts to deploy or undeploy content. These are detailed below.

Manual deploy mode:

The scanner will not attempt to directly monitor the deployment content and decide if or when the end user wishes the content to be deployed. Instead, the scanner relies on a system of marker files, with the user's addition or removal of a marker file serving as a sort of command telling the scanner to deploy, undeploy or redeploy content.

Auto-deploy mode and manual deploy mode can be independently configured for zipped deployment content and exploded deployment content. This is done via the "auto-deploy" attribute on the deployment-scanner element in the standalone.xml configuration file:

By default, auto-deploy of zipped content is enabled, and auto-deploy of exploded content is disabled. Manual deploy mode is strongly recommended for exploded content, as exploded content is inherently vulnerable to the scanner trying to auto-deploy partially copied content.

Marker Files

The marker files always have the same name as the deployment content to which they relate, but with an additional file suffix appended. For example, the marker file to indicate the example.war file should be deployed is named example.war.dodeploy. Different marker file suffixes have different meanings.

The relevant marker file types are:

File Purpose
.dodeploy Placed by the user to indicate that the given content should
be deployed into the runtime (or redeployed if already
deployed in the runtime.)
.skipdeploy Disables auto-deploy of the content for as long as the file
is present. Most useful for allowing updates to exploded
content without having the scanner initiate redeploy in the
middle of the update. Can be used with zipped content as
well, although the scanner will detect in-progress changes
to zipped content and wait until changes are complete.
.isdeploying Placed by the deployment scanner service to indicate that it
has noticed a .dodeploy file or new or updated auto-deploy
mode content and is in the process of deploying the content.
This marker file will be deleted when the deployment process
completes.
.deployed Placed by the deployment scanner service to indicate that the
given content has been deployed into the runtime. If an end
user deletes this file, the content will be undeployed.
.failed Placed by the deployment scanner service to indicate that the
given content failed to deploy into the runtime. The content
of the file will include some information about the cause of
the failure. Note that with auto-deploy mode, removing this
file will make the deployment eligible for deployment again.
.isundeploying Placed by the deployment scanner service to indicate that it
has noticed a .deployed file has been deleted and the
content is being undeployed. This marker file will be deleted
when the undeployment process completes.
.undeployed Placed by the deployment scanner service to indicate that the
given content has been undeployed from the runtime. If an end
user deletes this file, it has no impact.
.pending Placed by the deployment scanner service to indicate that it
has noticed the need to deploy content but has not yet
instructed the server to deploy it. This file is created if
the scanner detects that some auto-deploy content is still in
the process of being copied or if there is some problem that
prevents auto-deployment. The scanner will not instruct the
server to deploy or undeploy any content (not just the
directly affected content) as long as this condition holds.

Basic workflows:
All examples assume variable $AS points to the root of the JBoss AS 7 distribution.

A) Add new zipped content and deploy it:

  1. cp target/example.war/ $AS/standalone/deployments
  2. (Manual mode only) touch $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.dodeploy

B) Add new unzipped content and deploy it:

  1. cp -r target/example.war/ $AS/standalone/deployments
  2. (Manual mode only) touch $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.dodeploy

C) Undeploy currently deployed content:

  1. rm $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.deployed

D) Auto-deploy mode only: Undeploy currently deployed content:

  1. rm $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war

E) Replace currently deployed zipped content with a new version and deploy it:

  1. cp target/example.war/ $AS/standalone/deployments
  2. (Manual mode only) touch $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.dodeploy

F) Manual mode only: Replace currently deployed unzipped content with a new version and deploy it:

  1. rm $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.deployed
  2. wait for $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.undeployed file to appear
  3. cp -r target/example.war/ $AS/standalone/deployments
  4. touch $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.dodeploy

G) Auto-deploy mode only: Replace currently deployed unzipped content with a new version and deploy it:

  1. touch $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.skipdeploy
  2. cp -r target/example.war/ $AS/standalone/deployments
  3. rm $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.skipdeploy

H) Manual mode only: Live replace portions of currently deployed unzipped content without redeploying:

  1. cp -r target/example.war/foo.html $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war

I) Auto-deploy mode only: Live replace portions of currently deployed unzipped content without redeploying:

  1. touch $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.skipdeploy
  2. cp -r target/example.war/foo.html $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war

J) Manual or auto-deploy mode: Redeploy currently deployed content (i.e. bounce it with no content change):

  1. touch $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war.dodeploy

K) Auto-deploy mode only: Redeploy currently deployed content (i.e. bounce it with no content change):

  1. touch $AS/standalone/deployments/example.war
The above examples use Unix shell commands. Windows equivalents are:

cp src dest --> xcopy /y src dest
cp -r src dest --> xcopy /e /s /y src dest
rm afile --> del afile
touch afile --> echo>> afile

Note that the behavior of 'touch' and 'echo' are different but the differences are not relevant to the usages in the examples above.

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