JBoss Community Archive (Read Only)

WildFly 9

WildFly 9 JNDI Implementation


This page proposes a reworked WildFly JNDI implementation, and new/updated APIs for WildFly subsystem and EE deployment processors developers to bind new resources easier.

To support discussion in the community, the content includes a big focus on comparing WildFly 8 JNDI implementation with the new proposal, and should later evolve to the prime guide for WildFly developers needing to interact with JNDI at subsystem level.


WildFly relies on MSC to provide the data source for the JNDI tree. Each resource bound in JNDI is stored in a MSC service (BinderService), and such services are installed as children of subsystem/deployment services, for an automatically unbound as consequence of uninstall of the parent services.

Since there is the need to know what entries are bound, and MSC does not provides that, there is also the (ServiceBased)NamingStore concept, which internally manage the set of service names bound. There are multiple naming stores in every WildFly instance, serving different JNDI namespaces:

  • java:comp - the standard EE namespace for entries scoped to a specific component, such as an EJB

  • java:module - the standard EE namespace for entries scoped to specific module, such as an EJB jar, and shared by all components in it

  • java:app - the standard EE namespace for entries scoped to a specific application, i.e. EAR, and shared by all modules in it

  • java:global - the standard EE namespace for entries shared by all deployments

  • java:jboss - a proprietary namespace "global" namespace

  • java:jboss/exported - a proprietary "global" namespace which entries are exposed to remote JNDI

  • java: - any entries not in the other namespaces

One particular implementation choice, to save resources, is that JNDI contexts by default are not bound, the naming stores will search for any entry bound with a name that is a child of the context name, if found then its assumed the context exists.

The reworked implementation introduces shared/global java:comp, java:module and java:app namespaces. Any entry bound on these will automatically be available to every EE deployment scoped instance of these namespaces, what should result in a significant reduction of binder services, and also of EE deployment processors. Also, the Naming subsystem may now configure bind on these shared contexts, and these contexts will be available when there is no EE component in the invocation, which means that entries such as java:comp/DefaultDatasource will always be available.

Binding APIs

WildFly Naming subsystem exposes high level APIs to bind new JNDI resources, there is no need to deal with the low level BinderService type anymore.


At the lowest level a JNDI entry is bound by installing a BinderService to a ServiceTarget:

     * Binds a new entry to JNDI.
     * @param serviceTarget the binder service's target
     * @param name the new JNDI entry's name
     * @param value the new JNDI entry's value
    private ServiceController<?> bind(ServiceTarget serviceTarget, String name, Object value) {
	// the bind info object provides MSC service names to use when creating the binder service
        final ContextNames.BindInfo bindInfo = ContextNames.bindInfoFor(name);
        final BinderService binderService = new BinderService(bindInfo.getBindName());
	// the entry's value is provided by a managed reference factory,
        // since the value may need to be obtained on lookup (e.g. EJB reference)
        final ManagedReferenceFactory managedReferenceFactory = new ImmediateManagedReferenceFactory(value);
	return serviceTarget
                // add binder service to specified target
                .addService(bindInfo.getBinderServiceName(), binderService)
                // when started the service will be injected with the factory
                .addInjection(binderService.getManagedObjectInjector(), managedReferenceFactory)
                // the binder service depends on the related naming store service,
                // and on start/stop will add/remove its service name

But the example above is the simplest usage possible, it may become quite complicated if the entry's value is not immediately available, for instance it is a value in another MSC service, or is a value in another JNDI entry. It's also quite easy to introduce bugs when working with the service names, or incorrectly assume that other MSC functionality, such as alias names, may be used.

Using the new high level API, it's as simple as:

// bind an immediate value
ContextNames.bindInfoFor("java:comp/ORB").bind(serviceTarget, this.orb);

// bind value from another JNDI entry (an alias/linkref)
ContextNames.bindInfoFor(“java:global/x").bind(serviceTarget, new JndiName(“java:jboss/x"));

// bind value obtained from a MSC service
ContextNames.bindInfoFor(“java:global/z").bind(serviceTarget, serviceName);

If there is the need to access the binder's service builder, perhaps to add a service verification handler or simply not install the binder service right away:

ContextNames.bindInfoFor("java:comp/ORB").builder(serviceTarget, verificationHandler, ServiceController.Mode.ON_DEMAND).installService(this.orb);

EE Deployment

With respect to EE deployments, the subsystem API should not be used, since bindings may need to be discarded/overridden, thus a EE deployment processor should add a new binding in the form of a BindingConfiguration, to the EeModuleDescription or ComponentDescription, depending if the bind is specific to a component or not. An example of a deployment processor adding a binding:

public class ModuleNameBindingProcessor implements DeploymentUnitProcessor {

    // jndi name objects are immutable
    private static final JndiName JNDI_NAME_java_module_ModuleName = new JndiName("java:module/ModuleName");

    public void deploy(DeploymentPhaseContext phaseContext) throws DeploymentUnitProcessingException {
	final DeploymentUnit deploymentUnit = phaseContext.getDeploymentUnit();
        // skip deployment unit if it's the top level EAR
        if (DeploymentTypeMarker.isType(DeploymentType.EAR, deploymentUnit)) {
	// the module's description is in the DUs attachments
        final EEModuleDescription moduleDescription = deploymentUnit
        if (moduleDescription == null) {
	// add the java:module/ModuleName binding
        // the value's injection source for an immediate available value
        final InjectionSource injectionSource = new ImmediateInjectionSource(moduleDescription.getModuleName());
	// add the binding configuration to the module's description bindings configurations
                .addDeploymentBinding(new BindingConfiguration(JNDI_NAME_java_module_ModuleName, injectionSource));


When adding the binding configuration use:

  • addDeploymentBinding() for a binding that may not be overriden, such as the ones found in xml descriptors

  • addPlatformBinding() for a binding which may be overriden by a deployment descriptor bind or annotation, for instance java:comp/DefaultDatasource

A deployment processor may now also add a binding configuration to all components in a module:


In the reworked implementation there is now no need to behave differently considering the deployment type, for instance if deployment is a WAR or app client, the Module/Component BindingConfigurations objects handle all of that. The processor should simply go for the 3 use cases: module binding, component binding or binding shared by all components.

All deployment binding configurations MUST be added before INSTALL phase, this is needed because on such phase, when the bindings are actually done, there must be a final set of deployment binding names known, such information is need to understand if a resource injection targets entries in the global or scoped EE namespaces.

Most cases for adding bindings to EE deployments are in the context of a processor deploying a XML descriptor, or scanning deployment classes for annotations, and there abstract types, such as the AbstractDeploymentDescriptorBindingsProcessor, which simplifies greatly the processor code for such use cases.

One particular use case is the parsing of EE Resource Definitions, and the reworked implementation provides high level abstract deployment processors for both XML descriptor and annotations, an example for each:

 * Deployment processor responsible for processing administered-object deployment descriptor elements
 * @author Eduardo Martins
public class AdministeredObjectDefinitionDescriptorProcessor extends ResourceDefinitionDescriptorProcessor {

    protected void processEnvironment(RemoteEnvironment environment, ResourceDefinitionInjectionSources injectionSources) throws DeploymentUnitProcessingException {
        final AdministeredObjectsMetaData metaDatas = environment.getAdministeredObjects();
        if (metaDatas != null) {
            for(AdministeredObjectMetaData metaData : metaDatas) {

    private ResourceDefinitionInjectionSource getResourceDefinitionInjectionSource(final AdministeredObjectMetaData metaData) {
        final String name = metaData.getName();
        final String className = metaData.getClassName();
        final String resourceAdapter = metaData.getResourceAdapter();
        final AdministeredObjectDefinitionInjectionSource resourceDefinitionInjectionSource = new AdministeredObjectDefinitionInjectionSource(name, className, resourceAdapter);
        if (metaData.getDescriptions() != null) {
        return resourceDefinitionInjectionSource;



 * Deployment processor responsible for processing {@link javax.resource.AdministeredObjectDefinition} and {@link javax.resource.AdministeredObjectDefinitions}.
 * @author Jesper Pedersen
 * @author Eduardo Martins
public class AdministeredObjectDefinitionAnnotationProcessor extends ResourceDefinitionAnnotationProcessor {

    private static final DotName ANNOTATION_NAME = DotName.createSimple(AdministeredObjectDefinition.class.getName());
    private static final DotName COLLECTION_ANNOTATION_NAME = DotName.createSimple(AdministeredObjectDefinitions.class.getName());

    protected DotName getAnnotationDotName() {
        return ANNOTATION_NAME;

    protected DotName getAnnotationCollectionDotName() {

    protected ResourceDefinitionInjectionSource processAnnotation(AnnotationInstance annotationInstance) throws DeploymentUnitProcessingException {
        final String name = AnnotationElement.asRequiredString(annotationInstance, AnnotationElement.NAME);
        final String className = AnnotationElement.asRequiredString(annotationInstance, "className");
        final String ra = AnnotationElement.asRequiredString(annotationInstance, "resourceAdapter");
        final AdministeredObjectDefinitionInjectionSource directAdministeredObjectInjectionSource =
                new AdministeredObjectDefinitionInjectionSource(name, className, ra);
        return directAdministeredObjectInjectionSource;


The abstract processors with respect to Resource Definitions are already submitted through WFLY-3292's PR.

Resource Ref Processing

  TODO for now no changes on this in the reworked WildFly Naming.

JBoss.org Content Archive (Read Only), exported from JBoss Community Documentation Editor at 2020-03-13 13:57:37 UTC, last content change 2014-06-10 13:13:18 UTC.