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  • EXISTS subqueries are typically rewrite to "SELECT 1 FROM ..." to prevent unnecessary evaluation of SELECT expressions.
  • Quantified compare SOME subqueries are always turned into an equivalent IN predicate or comparison against an aggregate value. e.g. col > SOME (select col1 from table) would become col > (select min(col1) from table)
  • Uncorrelated EXISTs and scalar subquery that are not pushed to the source can be pre-evaluated prior to source command formation.
  • Correlated subqueries used in DELETEs or UPDATEs that are not pushed as part of the corresponding DELETE/UPDATE will cause Teiid to perform row-by-row compensating processing. This will only happen if the affected table has a primary key. If it does not, then an exception will be thrown.
  • WHERE or HAVING clause IN, Quantified Comparison, Scalar Subquery Compare, and EXISTs predicates can take the MJ (merge join), DJ (dependent join), or NO_UNNEST (no unnest) hints appearing just before the subquery. The MJ hint directs the optimizer to use a traditional, semijoin, or antisemijoin merge join if possible. The DJ is the same as the MJ hint, but additionally directs the optimizer to use the subquery as the independent side of a dependent join if possible. The NO_UNNEST hint, which supercedes the other hints, will direct the optimizer to leave the subquery in place.
Merge Join Hint Usage
Dependent Join Hint Usage
No Unnest Hint Usage
  • The system property org.teiid.subqueryUnnestDefault controls whether the optimizer will by default unnest subqueries during rewrite. If true, then most non-negated WHERE or HAVING clause EXISTS or IN subquery predicates can be converted to a traditional join.
  • The planner will always convert to antijoin or semijoin variants if costing is favorable. Use a hint to override this behavior needed.
  • EXISTs and scalar subqueries that are not pushed down, and not converted to merge joins, are implicitly limited to 1 and 2 result rows respectively.
  • Conversion of subquery predicates to nested loop joins is not yet available.
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