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17.2.2. For clients running outside the application server

The JNDI client needs to be aware of the HA-JNDI cluster. You can pass a list of JNDI servers (i.e., the nodes in the HA-JNDI cluster) to the java.naming.provider.url JNDI setting in the jndi.properties file. Each server node is identified by its IP address and the JNDI port number. The server nodes are separated by commas (see Section 17.2.3, “JBoss configuration” for how to configure the servers and ports).


When initialising, the JNP client code will try to get in touch with each server node from the list, one after the other, stopping as soon as one server has been reached. It will then download the HA-JNDI stub from this node.


There is no load balancing behavior in the JNP client lookup process itself. It just goes through the provider lists and uses the first available server to obtain the stub. The HA-JNDI provider list only needs to contain a subset of HA-JNDI nodes in the cluster.

The downloaded smart proxy contains the list of currently running nodes and the logic to load balance naming requests and to fail-over to another node if necessary. Furthermore, each time a JNDI invocation is made to the server, the list of targets in the proxy interceptor is updated (only if the list has changed since the last call).

If the property string java.naming.provider.url is empty or if all servers it mentions are not reachable, the JNP client will try to discover a HA-JNDI server through a multicast call on the network (auto-discovery). See the section called “JBoss configuration” on how to configure auto-discovery on the JNDI server nodes. Through auto-discovery, the client might be able to get a valid HA-JNDI server node without any configuration. Of course, for auto-discovery to work, the network segment(s) between the client and the server cluster must be configured to propagate such multicast datagrams.


By default the auto-discovery feature uses multicast group address and port1102.

In addition to the java.naming.provider.url property, you can specify a set of other properties. The following list shows all clustering-related client side properties you can specify when creating a new InitialContext. (All of the standard, non-clustering-related environment properties used with regular JNDI are also available.)