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12.4.3. Read-only Fields

JBoss allows for read-only CMP fields by setting the read-only and read-time-out elements in the cmp-field declaration. These elements work the same way as they do at the entity level. If a field is read-only, it will never be used in an INSERT or UPDATE statement. If a primary key field is read-only, the create method will throw a CreateException. If a set accessor is called for a read-only field, it throws an EJBException. Read-only fields are useful for fields that are filled in by database triggers, such as last update. A read-only CMP field declaration example follows: