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3.4.3. Writing JBoss MBean Services

Writing a custom MBean service that integrates into the JBoss server requires the use of the org.jboss.system.Service interface pattern if the custom service is dependent on other services. When a custom MBean depends on other MBean services you cannot perform any service dependent initialization in any of the javax.management.MBeanRegistration interface methods since JMX has no dependency notion. Instead, you must manage dependency state using the Service interface create and/or start methods. You can do this using any one of the following approaches:

  • Add any of the Service methods that you want called on your MBean to your MBean interface. This allows your MBean implementation to avoid dependencies on JBoss specific interfaces.

  • Have your MBean interface extend the org.jboss.system.Service interface.

  • Have your MBean interface extend the org.jboss.system.ServiceMBean interface. This is a subinterface of org.jboss.system.Service that adds getName(), getState(), getStateString() methods.

Which approach you choose depends on whether or not you want your code to be coupled to JBoss specific code. If you don't, then you would use the first approach. If you don't care about dependencies on JBoss classes, the simplest approach is to have your MBean interface extend from org.jboss.system.ServiceMBean and your MBean implementation class extend from the abstract org.jboss.system.ServiceMBeanSupport class. This class implements the org.jboss.system.ServiceMBean interface. ServiceMBeanSupport provides implementations of the create, start, stop, and destroy methods that integrate logging and JBoss service state management tracking. Each method delegates any subclass specific work to createService, startService, stopService, and destroyService methods respectively. When subclassing ServiceMBeanSupport, you would override one or more of the createService, startService, stopService, and destroyService methods as required