Class SQLServerDialect

    • Constructor Detail

      • SQLServerDialect

        public SQLServerDialect()
    • Method Detail

      • getMaxVarcharLength

        public int getMaxVarcharLength()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        The longest possible length of a Types.VARCHAR-like column. For longer column lengths, use some sort of text-like type for the column.
        Overrides:
        getMaxVarcharLength in class Dialect
      • getMaxNVarcharLength

        public int getMaxNVarcharLength()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        The longest possible length of a Types.NVARCHAR-like column. For longer column lengths, use some sort of text-like type for the column.
        Overrides:
        getMaxNVarcharLength in class Dialect
      • getMaxIdentifierLength

        public int getMaxIdentifierLength()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        What is the maximum identifier length supported by the dialect?
        Overrides:
        getMaxIdentifierLength in class Dialect
        Returns:
        The maximum length.
      • contributeTypes

        public void contributeTypes​(TypeContributions typeContributions,
                                    ServiceRegistry serviceRegistry)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Allows the Dialect to contribute additional types
        Overrides:
        contributeTypes in class Dialect
        Parameters:
        typeContributions - Callback to contribute the types
        serviceRegistry - The service registry
      • initializeFunctionRegistry

        public void initializeFunctionRegistry​(QueryEngine queryEngine)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Initialize the given registry with any dialect-specific functions. Support for certain SQL functions is required, and if the database does not support a required function, then the dialect must define a way to emulate it. These required functions include the functions defined by the JPA query language specification:
        • avg(arg) - aggregate function
        • count([distinct ]arg) - aggregate function
        • max(arg) - aggregate function
        • min(arg) - aggregate function
        • sum(arg) - aggregate function
        • coalesce(arg0, arg1, ...)
        • nullif(arg0, arg1)
        • lower(arg)
        • upper(arg)
        • length(arg)
        • concat(arg0, arg1, ...)
        • locate(pattern, string[, start])
        • substring(string, start[, length])
        • trim([[spec ][character ]from] string)
        • abs(arg)
        • mod(arg0, arg1)
        • sqrt(arg)
        • current date
        • current time
        • current timestamp
        Along with an additional set of functions defined by ANSI SQL:
        • any(arg) - aggregate function
        • every(arg) - aggregate function
        • cast(arg as Type)
        • extract(field from arg)
        • ln(arg)
        • exp(arg)
        • power(arg0, arg1)
        • floor(arg)
        • ceiling(arg)
        • position(pattern in string)
        • substring(string from start[ for length])
        • overlay(string placing replacement from start[ for length])
        And the following functions for working with java.time types:
        • local date
        • local time
        • local datetime
        • offset datetime
        • instant
        And a number of additional "standard" functions:
        • left(string, length)
        • right(string, length)
        • replace(string, pattern, replacement)
        • pad(string with length spec[ character])
        • sign(arg)
        • sin(arg)
        • cos(arg)
        • tan(arg)
        • asin(arg)
        • acos(arg)
        • atan(arg)
        • atan2(arg0, arg1)
        • round(arg0, arg1)
        • least(arg0, arg1, ...)
        • greatest(arg0, arg1, ...)
        • format(datetime as pattern)
        • str(arg) - synonym of cast(a as String)
        • ifnull(arg0, arg1) - synonym of coalesce(a, b)
        Finally, the following functions are defined as abbreviations for extract(), and desugared by the parser:
        • second(arg) - synonym of extract(second from a)
        • minute(arg) - synonym of extract(minute from a)
        • hour(arg) - synonym of extract(hour from a)
        • day(arg) - synonym of extract(day from a)
        • month(arg) - synonym of extract(month from a)
        • year(arg) - synonym of extract(year from a)
        Overrides:
        initializeFunctionRegistry in class AbstractTransactSQLDialect
      • castPattern

        public String castPattern​(CastType from,
                                  CastType to)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Obtain a pattern for the SQL equivalent to a cast() function call. The resulting pattern must contain ?1 and ?2 placeholders for the arguments.
        Overrides:
        castPattern in class Dialect
        Parameters:
        from - a CastType indicating the type of the value argument
        to - a CastType indicating the type the value argument is cast to
      • currentTimestamp

        public String currentTimestamp()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Translation of the HQL/JPQL current_timestamp function, which maps to the Java type java.sql.Timestamp which is a datetime with no time zone. This contradicts ANSI SQL where current_timestamp has the type TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE.

        It is recommended to override this in dialects for databases which support localtimestamp or timestamp at local.

        Overrides:
        currentTimestamp in class Dialect
      • currentTime

        public String currentTime()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Translation of the HQL/JPQL current_time function, which maps to the Java type java.sql.Time which is a time with no time zone. This contradicts ANSI SQL where current_time has the type TIME WITH TIME ZONE.

        It is recommended to override this in dialects for databases which support localtime or time at local.

        Overrides:
        currentTime in class Dialect
      • currentDate

        public String currentDate()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Translation of the HQL/JPQL current_date function, which maps to the Java type java.sql.Date, and of the HQL local_date function which maps to the Java type java.sql.LocalDate.
        Overrides:
        currentDate in class Dialect
      • currentTimestampWithTimeZone

        public String currentTimestampWithTimeZone()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Translation of the HQL offset_datetime function, which maps to the Java type java.time.OffsetDateTime which is a datetime with a time zone. This in principle correctly maps to the ANSI SQL current_timestamp which has the type TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE.
        Overrides:
        currentTimestampWithTimeZone in class Dialect
      • getNoColumnsInsertString

        public String getNoColumnsInsertString()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        The fragment used to insert a row without specifying any column values. This is not possible on some databases.
        Overrides:
        getNoColumnsInsertString in class Dialect
        Returns:
        The appropriate empty values clause.
      • supportsValuesList

        public boolean supportsValuesList()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Does this dialect/database support VALUES list (e.g. VALUES (1), (2), (3) )
        Overrides:
        supportsValuesList in class Dialect
        Returns:
        true if VALUES list are supported
      • closeQuote

        public char closeQuote()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        The character specific to this dialect used to close a quoted identifier.
        Overrides:
        closeQuote in class Dialect
        Returns:
        The dialect's specific close quote character.
      • getCurrentSchemaCommand

        public String getCurrentSchemaCommand()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Get the SQL command used to retrieve the current schema name. Works in conjunction with Dialect.getSchemaNameResolver(), unless the return from there does not need this information. E.g., a custom impl might make use of the Java 1.7 addition of the Connection.getSchema() method
        Overrides:
        getCurrentSchemaCommand in class Dialect
        Returns:
        The current schema retrieval SQL
      • supportsIfExistsBeforeTableName

        public boolean supportsIfExistsBeforeTableName()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        For dropping a table, can the phrase "if exists" be applied before the table name?

        NOTE : Only one or the other (or neither) of this and Dialect.supportsIfExistsAfterTableName() should return true

        Overrides:
        supportsIfExistsBeforeTableName in class Dialect
        Returns:
        true if the "if exists" can be applied before the table name
      • supportsIfExistsBeforeConstraintName

        public boolean supportsIfExistsBeforeConstraintName()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        For dropping a constraint with an "alter table", can the phrase "if exists" be applied before the constraint name?

        NOTE : Only one or the other (or neither) of this and Dialect.supportsIfExistsAfterConstraintName() should return true

        Overrides:
        supportsIfExistsBeforeConstraintName in class Dialect
        Returns:
        true if the "if exists" can be applied before the constraint name
      • openQuote

        public char openQuote()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        The character specific to this dialect used to begin a quoted identifier.
        Overrides:
        openQuote in class Dialect
        Returns:
        The dialect's specific open quote character.
      • appendLockHint

        public String appendLockHint​(LockOptions lockOptions,
                                     String tableName)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Some dialects support an alternative means to SELECT FOR UPDATE, whereby a "lock hint" is appended to the table name in the from clause.

        contributed by Helge Schulz

        Overrides:
        appendLockHint in class AbstractTransactSQLDialect
        Parameters:
        lockOptions - The lock options to apply
        tableName - The name of the table to which to apply the lock hint.
        Returns:
        The table with any required lock hints.
      • getCurrentTimestampSelectString

        public String getCurrentTimestampSelectString()
        The current_timestamp is more accurate, but only known to be supported in SQL Server 7.0 and later and Sybase not known to support it at all

        Retrieve the command used to retrieve the current timestamp from the database.

        Overrides:
        getCurrentTimestampSelectString in class AbstractTransactSQLDialect
        Returns:
        The command.
      • supportsCircularCascadeDeleteConstraints

        public boolean supportsCircularCascadeDeleteConstraints()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Does this dialect support definition of cascade delete constraints which can cause circular chains?
        Overrides:
        supportsCircularCascadeDeleteConstraints in class Dialect
        Returns:
        True if circular cascade delete constraints are supported; false otherwise.
      • doesReadCommittedCauseWritersToBlockReaders

        public boolean doesReadCommittedCauseWritersToBlockReaders()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        For the underlying database, is READ_COMMITTED isolation implemented by forcing readers to wait for write locks to be released?
        Overrides:
        doesReadCommittedCauseWritersToBlockReaders in class AbstractTransactSQLDialect
        Returns:
        True if writers block readers to achieve READ_COMMITTED; false otherwise.
      • doesRepeatableReadCauseReadersToBlockWriters

        public boolean doesRepeatableReadCauseReadersToBlockWriters()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        For the underlying database, is REPEATABLE_READ isolation implemented by forcing writers to wait for read locks to be released?
        Overrides:
        doesRepeatableReadCauseReadersToBlockWriters in class AbstractTransactSQLDialect
        Returns:
        True if readers block writers to achieve REPEATABLE_READ; false otherwise.
      • getInExpressionCountLimit

        public int getInExpressionCountLimit()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Return the limit that the underlying database places on the number of elements in an IN predicate. If the database defines no such limits, simply return zero or less-than-zero.
        Overrides:
        getInExpressionCountLimit in class Dialect
        Returns:
        int The limit, or zero-or-less to indicate no limit.
      • supportsNonQueryWithCTE

        public boolean supportsNonQueryWithCTE()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Does this dialect/database support non-query statements (e.g. INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE) with CTE (Common Table Expressions)?
        Overrides:
        supportsNonQueryWithCTE in class Dialect
        Returns:
        true if non-query statements are supported with CTE
      • supportsSkipLocked

        public boolean supportsSkipLocked()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Does this dialect/database support SKIP_LOCKED timeout.
        Overrides:
        supportsSkipLocked in class Dialect
        Returns:
        true if SKIP_LOCKED is supported
      • supportsNoWait

        public boolean supportsNoWait()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Does this dialect/database support NO_WAIT timeout.
        Overrides:
        supportsNoWait in class Dialect
        Returns:
        true if NO_WAIT is supported
      • supportsWait

        public boolean supportsWait()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Does this dialect/database support WAIT timeout.
        Overrides:
        supportsWait in class Dialect
        Returns:
        true if WAIT is supported
      • getQuerySequencesString

        public String getQuerySequencesString()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Get the select command used retrieve the names of all sequences.
        Overrides:
        getQuerySequencesString in class Dialect
        Returns:
        The select command; or null if sequences are not supported.
      • getQueryHintString

        public String getQueryHintString​(String sql,
                                         String hints)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Apply a hint to the query. The entire query is provided, allowing the Dialect full control over the placement and syntax of the hint. By default, ignore the hint and simply return the query.
        Overrides:
        getQueryHintString in class Dialect
        Parameters:
        sql - The query to which to apply the hint.
        hints - The hints to apply
        Returns:
        The modified SQL
      • supportsOffsetInSubquery

        public boolean supportsOffsetInSubquery()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Does this dialect support offset in subqueries? Ex: select * from Table1 where col1 in (select col1 from Table2 order by col2 limit 1 offset 1)
        Overrides:
        supportsOffsetInSubquery in class Dialect
        Returns:
        boolean
      • supportsWindowFunctions

        public boolean supportsWindowFunctions()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Does this dialect support window functions like `row_number() over (..)`
        Overrides:
        supportsWindowFunctions in class Dialect
        Returns:
        true if the underlying database supports window functions, false otherwise. The default is false.
      • supportsLateral

        public boolean supportsLateral()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Does this dialect support the SQL lateral keyword or a proprietary alternative=
        Overrides:
        supportsLateral in class Dialect
        Returns:
        true if the underlying database supports lateral, false otherwise. The default is false.
      • supportsFetchClause

        public boolean supportsFetchClause​(FetchClauseType type)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Does this dialect support the given fetch clause type.
        Overrides:
        supportsFetchClause in class Dialect
        Parameters:
        type - The fetch clause type
        Returns:
        true if the underlying database supports the given fetch clause type, false otherwise. The default is false.
      • buildSQLExceptionConversionDelegate

        public SQLExceptionConversionDelegate buildSQLExceptionConversionDelegate()
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Build an instance of a SQLExceptionConversionDelegate for interpreting dialect-specific error or SQLState codes.

        If this method is overridden to return a non-null value, the default SQLExceptionConverter will use the returned SQLExceptionConversionDelegate in addition to the following standard delegates:

        1. a "static" delegate based on the JDBC 4 defined SQLException hierarchy;
        2. a delegate that interprets SQLState codes for either X/Open or SQL-2003 codes, depending on java.sql.DatabaseMetaData#getSQLStateType

        It is strongly recommended that specific Dialect implementations override this method, since interpretation of a SQL error is much more accurate when based on the vendor-specific ErrorCode rather than the SQLState.

        Specific Dialects may override to return whatever is most appropriate for that vendor.

        Overrides:
        buildSQLExceptionConversionDelegate in class Dialect
        Returns:
        The SQLExceptionConversionDelegate for this dialect
      • getDefaultTimestampPrecision

        public int getDefaultTimestampPrecision()
        SQL server supports up to 7 decimal digits of fractional second precision in a datetime2, but since its duration arithmetic functions try to fit durations into an int, which is impossible with such high precision, so default to generating datetime2(3) columns.
        Overrides:
        getDefaultTimestampPrecision in class Dialect
        Returns:
        the default precision, in decimal digits, of the fractional seconds field
      • getFractionalSecondPrecisionInNanos

        public long getFractionalSecondPrecisionInNanos()
        SQL server supports up to 7 decimal digits of fractional second precision in a datetime2, but unfortunately its duration arithmetic functions have a nasty habit of overflowing. So to give ourselves a little extra headroom, we will use microsecond as the native unit of precision (but even then we have to use tricks when calling dateadd()).
        Overrides:
        getFractionalSecondPrecisionInNanos in class Dialect
        Returns:
        the precision, specified as a quantity of nanoseconds
        See Also:
        TemporalUnit.NATIVE
      • timestampaddPattern

        public String timestampaddPattern​(TemporalUnit unit,
                                          jakarta.persistence.TemporalType temporalType,
                                          IntervalType intervalType)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Obtain a pattern for the SQL equivalent to a timestampadd() function call. The resulting pattern must contain ?1, ?2, and ?3 placeholders for the arguments.
        Overrides:
        timestampaddPattern in class Dialect
        Parameters:
        unit - The unit to add to the temporal
        temporalType - The type of the temporal
        intervalType - The type of interval to add or null if it's not a native interval
      • timestampdiffPattern

        public String timestampdiffPattern​(TemporalUnit unit,
                                           jakarta.persistence.TemporalType fromTemporalType,
                                           jakarta.persistence.TemporalType toTemporalType)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Obtain a pattern for the SQL equivalent to a timestampdiff() function call. The resulting pattern must contain ?1, ?2, and ?3 placeholders for the arguments.
        Overrides:
        timestampdiffPattern in class Dialect
        Parameters:
        unit - the first argument
        fromTemporalType - true if the first argument is a timestamp, false if a date
        toTemporalType - true if the second argument is
      • appendDatetimeFormat

        public void appendDatetimeFormat​(SqlAppender appender,
                                         String format)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Translate the given datetime format string from the pattern language defined by Java's DateTimeFormatter to whatever pattern language is understood by the native datetime formatting function for this database (often the to_char() function).

        Since it's never possible to translate all of the pattern letter sequences understood by DateTimeFormatter, only the following subset of pattern letters is accepted by Hibernate:

        • G: era
        • y: year of era
        • Y: year of week-based year
        • M: month of year
        • w: week of week-based year (ISO week number)
        • W: week of month
        • E: day of week (name)
        • e: day of week (number)
        • d: day of month
        • D: day of year
        • a: AM/PM
        • H: hour of day (24 hour time)
        • h: hour of AM/PM (12 hour time)
        • m: minutes
        • s: seconds
        • z,Z,x: timezone offset
        In addition, punctuation characters and single-quoted literal strings are accepted.
        Overrides:
        appendDatetimeFormat in class Dialect
      • datetimeFormat

        public static Replacer datetimeFormat​(String format)
      • getCreateTemporaryTableColumnAnnotation

        public String getCreateTemporaryTableColumnAnnotation​(int sqlTypeCode)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Annotation to be appended to the end of each COLUMN clause for temporary tables.
        Overrides:
        getCreateTemporaryTableColumnAnnotation in class Dialect
        Parameters:
        sqlTypeCode - The SQL type code
        Returns:
        The annotation to be appended (e.g. "COLLATE DATABASE_DEFAULT" in SQLServer SQL)
      • getDropSchemaCommand

        public String[] getDropSchemaCommand​(String schemaName)
        Description copied from class: Dialect
        Get the SQL command used to drop the named schema
        Overrides:
        getDropSchemaCommand in class Dialect
        Parameters:
        schemaName - The name of the schema to be dropped.
        Returns:
        The drop commands