Interface PersistentCollection<E>

  • Type Parameters:
    E - the collection element type, or map value type
    All Superinterfaces:
    All Known Implementing Classes:
    AbstractPersistentCollection, PersistentArrayHolder, PersistentBag, PersistentIdentifierBag, PersistentList, PersistentMap, PersistentSet, PersistentSortedMap, PersistentSortedSet

    public interface PersistentCollection<E>
    extends LazyInitializable
    Persistent collections are treated as value objects by Hibernate. They have no independent existence beyond the entity holding a reference to them. Unlike instances of entity classes, they are automatically deleted when unreferenced and automatically become persistent when held by a persistent object. Collections can be passed between different objects (change "roles") and this might cause their elements to move from one database table to another.

    Hibernate "wraps" a Java collection in an instance of PersistentCollection. This mechanism is allows for tracking of changes to the persistent state of the collection and lazy fetching of the collection elements. The downside is that only certain abstract collection types are supported and any extra semantics associated with the particular implementation of the generic collection type are lost. For example, every List behaves like an ArrayList, and every SortedMap behaves like a TreeMap.

    Applications should never use classes in this package directly, unless extending the "framework" here.

    Changes to structure of the collection are recorded by the collection calling back to the session. Changes to mutable elements (composite elements) are discovered by cloning their state when the collection is initialized and comparing at flush time.

    • Method Detail

      • getOwner

        Object getOwner()
        Get the owning entity. Note that the owner is only set during the flush cycle, and when a new collection wrapper is created while loading an entity.
        The owner
      • setOwner

        void setOwner​(Object entity)
        Set the reference to the owning entity
        entity - The owner
      • empty

        boolean empty()
        Is the collection empty? (don't try to initialize the collection)
        false if the collection is non-empty; true otherwise.
      • setSnapshot

        void setSnapshot​(@Nullable Object key,
                         @Nullable String role,
                         @Nullable Serializable snapshot)
        After flushing, re-init snapshot state.
        key - The collection instance key (fk value).
        role - The collection role
        snapshot - The snapshot state
      • postAction

        void postAction()
        After flushing, clear any "queued" additions, since the database state is now synchronized with the memory state.
      • getValue

        Object getValue()
        Return the user-visible collection (or array) instance
        The underlying collection/array
      • isDirectlyAccessible

        boolean isDirectlyAccessible()
        Could the application possibly have a direct reference to the underlying collection implementation?
        true indicates that the application might have access to the underlying collection/array.
      • unsetSession

        boolean unsetSession​(SharedSessionContractImplementor currentSession)
        Disassociate this collection from the given session.
        currentSession - The session we are disassociating from. Used for validations.
        true if this was currently associated with the given session
      • setCurrentSession

        boolean setCurrentSession​(SharedSessionContractImplementor session)
                           throws HibernateException
        Associate the collection with the given session.
        session - The session to associate with
        false if the collection was already associated with the session
        HibernateException - if the collection was already associated with another open session
      • entries

        Iterator<?> entries​(CollectionPersister persister)
        Iterate all collection entries, during update of the database
        persister - The collection persister.
        The iterator
      • getIdentifier

        Object getIdentifier​(Object entry,
                             int i)
        Get the identifier of the given collection entry. This refers to the collection identifier, not the identifier of the (possibly) entity elements. This is only valid for invocation on the idbag collection.
        entry - The collection entry/element
        i - The assumed identifier (?)
        The identifier value
      • getIndex

        Object getIndex​(Object entry,
                        int i,
                        CollectionPersister persister)
        Get the index of the given collection entry
        entry - The collection entry/element
        i - The assumed index
        persister - it was more elegant before we added this...
        The index value
      • getElement

        Object getElement​(Object entry)
        Get the value of the given collection entry. Generally the given entry parameter value will just be returned. Might get a different value for a duplicate entries in a Set.
        entry - The object instance for which to get the collection element instance.
        The corresponding object that is part of the collection elements.
      • getSnapshotElement

        Object getSnapshotElement​(Object entry,
                                  int i)
        Get the snapshot value of the given collection entry
        entry - The entry
        i - The index
        The snapshot state for that element
      • equalsSnapshot

        boolean equalsSnapshot​(CollectionPersister persister)
        Does the current state exactly match the snapshot?
        persister - The collection persister
        true if the current state and the snapshot state match.
      • isSnapshotEmpty

        boolean isSnapshotEmpty​(Serializable snapshot)
        Is the snapshot empty?
        snapshot - The snapshot to check
        true if the given snapshot is empty
      • needsRecreate

        boolean needsRecreate​(CollectionPersister persister)
        Do we need to completely recreate this collection when it changes?
        persister - The collection persister
        true if a change requires a recreate.
      • getSnapshot

        Serializable getSnapshot​(CollectionPersister persister)
        Return a new snapshot of the current state of the collection
        persister - The collection persister
        The snapshot
      • entryExists

        boolean entryExists​(Object entry,
                            int i)
        Does the given element/entry exist in the collection?
        entry - The object to check if it exists as a collection element
        i - Unused
        true if the given entry is a collection element
      • needsInserting

        boolean needsInserting​(Object entry,
                               int i,
                               Type elemType)
        Do we need to insert this element?
        entry - The collection element to check
        i - The index (for indexed collections)
        elemType - The type for the element
        true if the element needs inserting
      • needsUpdating

        default boolean needsUpdating​(Object entry,
                                      int entryPosition,
                                      PluralAttributeMapping attributeDescriptor)
        Do we need to update this element?
        entry - The collection element to check
        entryPosition - The index (for indexed collections)
        attributeDescriptor - The type for the element
        true if the element needs updating
      • needsUpdating

        boolean needsUpdating​(Object entry,
                              int i,
                              Type elemType)
        Do we need to update this element?
        entry - The collection element to check
        i - The index (for indexed collections)
        elemType - The type for the element
        true if the element needs updating
      • isRowUpdatePossible

        boolean isRowUpdatePossible()
        Can each element in the collection be mapped unequivocally to a single row in the database? Generally bags and sets are the only collections that cannot be.
        true if the row for each element is known
      • getDeletes

        Iterator<?> getDeletes​(CollectionPersister persister,
                               boolean indexIsFormula)
        Get all the elements that need deleting
        persister - The collection persister
        indexIsFormula - For indexed collections, tells whether the index is a formula (calculated value) mapping
        An iterator over the elements to delete
      • isWrapper

        boolean isWrapper​(Object collection)
        Is this the wrapper for the given collection instance?
        collection - The collection to check whether this is wrapping it
        true if this is a wrapper around that given collection instance.
      • isInitializing

        boolean isInitializing()
        Is this PersistentCollection in the process of being initialized?
      • beforeInitialize

        void beforeInitialize​(CollectionPersister persister,
                              int anticipatedSize)
        Called prior to the initialization of this yet-uninitialized collection. Pairs with afterInitialize()
      • initializeFromCache

        void initializeFromCache​(CollectionPersister persister,
                                 Object disassembled,
                                 Object owner)
        Read the state of the collection from a disassembled cached value
        persister - The collection persister
        disassembled - The disassembled cached state
        owner - The collection owner
      • beginRead

        void beginRead()
        Called just before reading any rows from the JDBC result set. Pairs with endRead()
      • injectLoadedState

        void injectLoadedState​(PluralAttributeMapping attributeMapping,
                               List<?> loadingState)
        Inject the state loaded for a collection instance.
      • disassemble

        Object disassemble​(CollectionPersister persister)
        Disassemble the collection to get it ready for the cache
        persister - The collection persister
        The disassembled state
      • hasQueuedOperations

        boolean hasQueuedOperations()
        Does this instance have any "queued" operations?
        true indicates there are pending, queued, delayed operations
      • queuedAdditionIterator

        Iterator<E> queuedAdditionIterator()
        Iterator over the "queued" additions
        The iterator
      • getQueuedOrphans

        Collection<E> getQueuedOrphans​(String entityName)
        Get the "queued" orphans
        entityName - The name of the entity that makes up the elements
        The orphaned elements
      • getKey

        Object getKey()
        Get the current collection key value
        the current collection key value
      • getRole

        String getRole()
        Get the current role name
        the collection role name
      • isUnreferenced

        boolean isUnreferenced()
        Is the collection unreferenced?
        true if the collection is no longer referenced by an owner
      • isDirty

        boolean isDirty()
        Is the collection dirty? Note that this is only reliable during the flush cycle, after the collection elements are dirty checked against the snapshot.
        true if the collection is dirty
      • isElementRemoved

        default boolean isElementRemoved()
      • isDirectlyProvidedCollection

        default boolean isDirectlyProvidedCollection​(Object collection)
        Was collection provided directly to this PersistentCollection (i.e., provided as an argument to a constructor)?

        Implementors that can copy elements out of a directly provided collection into the wrapped collection should override this method.

        collection - The collection
        true, if collection was provided directly to this PersistentCollection; false, otherwise.
      • clearDirty

        void clearDirty()
        Clear the dirty flag, after flushing changes to the database.
      • getStoredSnapshot

        Serializable getStoredSnapshot()
        Get the snapshot cached by the collection instance
        The internally stored snapshot state
      • dirty

        void dirty()
        Mark the collection as dirty
      • preInsert

        void preInsert​(CollectionPersister persister)
        Called before inserting rows, to ensure that any surrogate keys are fully generated
        persister - The collection persister
      • afterRowInsert

        void afterRowInsert​(CollectionPersister persister,
                            Object entry,
                            int i)
        Called after inserting a row, to fetch the natively generated id
        persister - The collection persister
        entry - The collection element just inserted
        i - The element position/index
      • getOrphans

        Collection<E> getOrphans​(Serializable snapshot,
                                 String entityName)
        get all "orphaned" elements
        snapshot - The snapshot state
        entityName - The name of the entity that are the elements of the collection
        The orphans
      • getSize

        int getSize()
        Obtain the size of this collection without initializing it
      • elementExists

        boolean elementExists​(Object element)
        Determine if the given element belongs to this collection without initializing it
      • elementByIndex

        Object elementByIndex​(Object index)
        Obtain the element os this collection associated with the given index without initializing it
      • isNewlyInstantiated

        default boolean isNewlyInstantiated()
        Is the collection newly instantiated?
        true if the collection is newly instantiated